Personalities in the Workplace

Posted by Judy Anne Cavey on Jul 27, 2011 in , , | 2 Comments

There are several different theories of personality.

One recognized by psychologists is that of the four basic personality groups: Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric, and Phlegmatic.

Knowing and understanding these personality groups, (or temperament types), may assist with interactions between yourself, coworkers and supervisors. Identification of the strengths and weaknesses within these groups also assists you in comprehending what you, and others, are capable of performing in the office.

Description of Groups

In the groups below, you may find your own personal description fits into two of the categories, for example–Sanguine and Choleric–a common combination. It is not unusual for some people to find traits in all four groups listed.

Everyone has “positives” and “negatives” in varying degrees. In each group are identified certain positives and negatives common to these particular groups. This does not mean everyone in these groups possesses all of the positives or negatives, but rather that certain people might have these particular tendencies under given circumstances. See if you can identify yourself, coworkers and supervisors in these descriptions:

(Popular) Sanguine Summary

“Let’s do it the fun way”

General Description:

This group loves to have fun, as evidenced by the phrase in quotations above.  They can talk about anything, anytime, anyplace, and have a bubbling personality. Sanguines excel when they are allowed to communicate with others and find like people at the office. These are “people persons” in every sense.

Positive Aspects:

These are optimistic people with a good sense of humor, storytelling ability and they like people in general. Usually possessing above average communication skills, Sanguine’s are valuable in the workplace for colorful creativity, a light touch, cheering up others, and being entertaining. Their ability to mix easily, along with an abundance of enthusiasm, often makes them the “popular” person in the office.

Negative Aspects:

Sometimes, they may be disorganized, cannot remember details, or names. They may appear to not be serious about anything, trust others to do the work and have tendencies to be naive. They are afraid of being unpopular or bored and dislike living by the clock.

Likes/Dislikes:

In the workplace, Sanguine’s like people who listen to and laugh with them, and praise and approve of them. They tend to dislike those who criticize and don’t respond to humor.

(Powerful) Choleric Summary

“Let’s do it my way”

General Description:

These might be called the “born leaders” in the workplace. They have a sense of obedience, and appreciate accomplishments. They have an ability to make quick, correct judgments and love to be in charge. Usually known for their fast-moving approach, Chloreics require a degree of control in their work. Usually deemed “type-A” personalities or “powerful”.

Positive Aspects:

As a leader, Choleric’s have a natural feel for being in charge, a quick sense of what will work and a sincere belief in their personal ability to achieve. They have a good deal of self-confidence and can often accomplish more in a shorter time than anyone else.

Negative Aspects:

Might be too domineering, autocratic, impatient or unwilling to delegate or give credit to coworkers. Often expects others to produce as he/she does.

Likes/Dislikes:

Enjoys the company of people who are supportive and cooperate quickly.  Does not like working with people who are lazy and not interested in working constantly, or who are not loyal.

(Perfect) Melancholy Summary

“Let’s do it the right way”

General Description:

Serious with a sensitive nature, they have compassion for those in need or hurting. They tend to organize tasks carefully and analyze them thoroughly. Often well-mannered approach, meticulous and well-groomed. They are attentive to detail and follow through on even the tiniest point.

Positive Aspects:

They have an uncanny ability to organize and set long-range goals. They possess high standards and ideals. At work their sense of detail is valuable. Their follow-through, high performance standards and love of analysis wins them many supporters. As a leader, this person is well-organized, understands peoples’ feelings, and wants a quality performance.

Negative Aspects:

May get too focused on details, or spend too much time on preparation. Takes life very seriously–much of the time. Might insist others be more perfectionistic.

Likes/Dislikes:

Enjoys others who are serious, intellectual, deep and will carry on sensible conversations. Usually dislikes those who are forgetful, late, disorganized, superficial, and unpredictable.

(Peaceful) Phlegmatic Summary

”Let’s do it the easy way”

General Description:

What is important to Phlegmatics is keeping the peace, at all costs, they value understanding and a sense of harmony. These are the people who tend to stay calm, cool and collected all day long. Is it no wonder they are labeled “peaceful”? They have a balanced, even disposition with a dry sense of humor.

Positive Aspects:

These are not impulsive people and take care in their decision making processes. Most people find they have a very pleasing personality who cooperates. They are usually easy-going with a relaxed posture. These are the peace-keepers in the office and are valued at work for his/her ability to mediate between contentious people. Can objectively solve problems.

Negative Aspects:

These people may seem to have a lack of decisiveness, enthusiasm, and energy. They don’t like making major changes. May not set solid goals, take action fast enough, or face problems head-on.

Likes/Dislikes:

Likes people who recognize his/her strengths and will initiate decisions. Does not like those who are too pushy, expect too much.

 

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