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I agree that research is a vague term. To be an what I think of as a researcher in the sciences, one needs a PhD.
If when you say research, you mean any kind of field work, you could work in environmental consulting. However, it is more difficult to find a job in that field with an ecology degree than with geology or engineering.
Try looking at job search websites. Type in ecology and a location you would be willing to live in to see if there are jobs available.