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A prosecuting attorney works for either a local (city), state, or Federal government and goes after people accused of breaking the law--so it is an area of criminal law. To become a lawyer in the United States, first you go to college and earn an undergraduate degree--that typically takes four years. Then, you go to law school, and that takes another three years. Once you graduate from law school, you take a huge exam called the "Bar exam," and it tests your knowledge about the law as well as your analytical and writing skills. After you pass the Bar exam, you can then be licenses to practice law in the state in which you passed the Bar. At that point, you can seek a job as a prosecuting attorney or any other kind of attorney.
Nearly all law students do clerkships while they are in law school. Clerkships typically take place during the summer. You apply for clerkships in places you think you might like to work some day so you can check out what the job is really like. So, if you are interesting in becoming a prosecutor, you would try to clerk in the District Attorney's office or in the U.S. Attorney's office or City Attorney's office. Good luck!