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If you struggle to stay focused while you study, then it is a great idea to take frequent breaks. Maybe try getting up and stretching every 30 minutes or so, or stop after an hour and get a snack, etc.
I would start by playing with your study habits a bit; start to pay attention to when you get distracted (i.e. after how long), that way you'll know when the optimum time is for you to take a break. This really helps with productivity!
Hope this helps.
Break down your study time, work for 45-50 minutes, take a break for 10-15 minutes.
Similar to what Danielle said, there is a technique called the pomodoro technique which is great for focusing through longer tasks. Here is a quick video on the technique:
Also I would recommend finding your "Dead Times" and the times where you feel the most fresh and have a clear mind. This is different for everyone. For example, I feel more clear headed in the morning and therefore I complete more complex tasks during that time. Then I schedule easier tasks for after lunch when I feel more tired.
First schedule a time and location to study daily. This time must be adept for your mood and the location must be a quiet or loud one depending on how best you focus. Then study for a mere 15 minutes. If you are into sports go outside and play one for 15 minutes. Go back and forth until you have studied all you can.
If sports is not your thing then after your 15 minutes of studying close your eyes, relax, and picture yourself in the Bahamas.
Also, I would recommend giving yourself a small treat or reward for studying.
Here are the steps I followed from high school all the way through grad school to study without losing focus. I've never received anything other than an A until tennis in undergrad (A-) :)
1) Remove all distractions
The first step to studying without losing focus is to remove all distractions. Gadgets and social media are pervasive these days so this is challenging. However, to be effective and to get the most out of your study time, you should turn off all cell phones, close all websites that are not directly related to what you're studying and get off Facebook, Twitter and Instagram (or other social media of choice.)
It is also difficult to study when there are mental distractions. Very often, we have a long mental to-do list. The tasks on this list take up crucial brain space if they are not addressed or if there is no plan of how you intend to address them. What you will find is that while you are studying, one or more of these to-do's will pop into your mind, which will cause you to lose focus. To prevent this do a brain dump before studying. Get a piece of paper and write EVERYTHING that you have to do or dedicate time to. Next to each item, allocate a time you will address or think about the item. Your subconscious can now be free to focus on your studies.
2) Know why you're studying
Studying something just to study it is painful. Always know WHY what you're studying is important. For example, you might hate Chemistry, but if your goal is to become a doctor, it is essential. Remind yourself why you need to study Chemistry. It will qualify you to apply to medical programs, to do your MCAT and to actually perform as a doctor later on. Find the motivation by knowing your "why".
3) Have a plan
Don't just sit down and pick up something to study. Take some time before and structure a plan around how you will accomplish what you need to accomplish. When is the test? How many hours do you have to study given other things you may have going on? Can you balance some easy topics with some light ones? This will give you confidence that you can achieve what you set out to because you planned it out.
4) Study in chunks of time
Few people can study for hours on end. Chunk study time into 15-30 minute intervals. Take a 5-10 minute break and start again. Before starting again, make a few notes of what you recall from what you just studied.
5) Don't get a buddy
This is subjective advice. When I have had to study for important exams, it has never been to my advantage to study in groups. Inevitably, someone will want to take a break or will want to discuss something outside of the topic at hand. I find it best to study on your own and, if necessary, validate what you know with someone else by having them do mini-quizzes of the materials you just studied.
Hope this helps!